Terrorism Essays (Examples)

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Terrorism Can Be Traced to History

Words: 2026 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31228197

nomadic tribes wreaking havoc on each other to Zealots of Judea and the original Assassins, terrorism has been a part of human political strategy since the origin of the species. Whether it reflects the innate bellicosity of human beings or simply reveals the effects of class or religious conflict, terrorism is an unfortunate part of life -- even daily life for some people. Advanced weaponry and communications technology has made terrorism more widespread, more sinister, and far deadlier than ever before but terrorism is nothing new. The first recorded use of the word "terrorism" occurred during the French Revolution and its Reign of Terror ("Early History of Terrorism," n.d.). Yet terrorism precedes the Reign of Terror by millennia. Many terrorist groups like the Zealots and the Assassins of the past or Al Qaeda and ISIL of today have some kind of religious ideology wrapped up in their politics, but religion…… [Read More]

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Terrorism and International Peace

Words: 2639 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 2696696

International Peace and Terrorism

This section discusses the importance of primary data in completing the proposal. Different techniques to be used in collecting the primary data are discussed. The proposal also discusses the strategies that can be used in carrying out the qualitative analysis. The study suggests coding, triangulation and computer assisted program for the analysis of the proposal.

Primary Data

The section provides the importance of primary research in competing the study. The paper also discusses various techniques that the researcher can use to collect the primary data. The primary data are very critical in completing the proposal and the researcher will collect the primary data from various sources. Catino, (2014) argues primary sources are very critical to complete a research in security studies because without using the primary sources, a researcher will not be able to adequately gain an in-depth analysis on the subject. Thus, the proposal will…… [Read More]

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Terrorism in the United States

Words: 1546 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 37291444

Author Negr n notes, "Hundreds of FBI agents sealed off the town of Hormigueros, Puerto Rico, where Ojeda lived with his wife. The FBI surrounded his house and opened fire, killing him. He was 72 years old" (Negr n, 2005). Ojeda had been a fugitive since he jumped bond after the Wells Fargo Robbery, and he had still been active in independence organizations, including the Macheteros, and his death helped bring some of the former members closer together in a more cohesive unit, as their continued existence even today indicates.

In conclusion, this terrorist organization did not threaten the United States mainland as much as it threatened Puerto Rico, but they targeted American servicemen and government officials, and Puerto Ricans that supported the U.S. Government, so they seemed to pose a threat to the country. The FBI weeded most of the group out in the 1980s, but the independence movement…… [Read More]

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Terrorism and the Mexican Drug Cartels

Words: 1085 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 93626253

War on Drugs -- Mexican Drug Trafficking

When examining the behaviors and goals of various Mexican drug cartels, any well-informed observer can clearly see these groups aren't just drug pushers -- they are also terrorists. The cartels have been known to show their power by going into Mexican communities and simply slaughtering dozens of people then dumping the bodies in a shallow grave, or even stacking bodies by the roadside for citizens to see and become fearful. In fact, on June 18, 2014, twenty-eight bodies were found in a "mass grave" in Veracruz, and the identification of the corpses was difficult because of the decaying bodies (AP).

This grim scene is likely the result of the ongoing war between two cartels, the Zeta and certain rivals; the bodies are likely those of migrants that were coming up into Mexico from Central America, and found themselves in a crossfire between violent…… [Read More]

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Roots of Terrorism

Words: 945 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93098404


In the book Dying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism, Robert Pape argues that that the main motivator for suicide terrorism in particular is nationalism. Politically disenfranchised groups use suicide terrorism to target large democratic state entities in order to secure territory and gain international recognition. However, to boil down terrorism to a singular cause like nationalism would be grossly and dangerously oversimplifying the phenomenon. After all, eco-terrorism is one example of a type of terrorism that is clearly not linked to a nationalistic cause. Terrorism is a strategy and quasi-military tactic used by individuals and groups to draw attention to a specific message or set of messages. In many -- if not most -- cases, nationalism is a major terrorist message. As with eco-terrorism, nationalism itself is not the issue. The issue is power and control over resources. Terrorist groups of all types use violent tactics…… [Read More]

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Deterrence for Terrorism

Words: 1934 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63516074

Terrorism is a major threat in today's society. Due to that fact, it is imperative that nations have measures in place to combat the threats of terrorists against their worldwide interests. For the United States, those measures include numerous ways and methods that allow the nation to deter and combat terrorism on a local, national, and international level. This paper will outline those measures and methods, and will discuss their impact on the threat of terrorism. In addition, this paper will discuss the use of those methods in relation to the nuclear threat of the Soviet Union during the cold war, and the recent use of those methods as a deterrent against terrorism forces.

While terrorist threats are numerous in today's world, the methods used by the United States to deter those terrorists, help to ensure that, while some terrorism is inevitable, the attacks of those terrorists are kept at…… [Read More]

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Threat of Terrorism Weighing Public Safety in Seattle

Words: 5948 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 79626530

Terrorism in Seattle

Even before the World Trade Center attack in September, 2011, most major cities in the United States were not only aware, but anticipatory regarding the potential for a terrorist attack. Seattle has been fortunate in that it has never experienced an actual international attack, but has had three major domestic incidents since 1999 that continue to be in the minds of Emergency Management professionals. In 1999, Ahmed Ressam, an Al-Qaeda operative, was apprehended smuggling bomb-making materials into Port Angeles. Because this was so close to the New Year's Eve Millennium event, the New Year's celebration at the Seattle Center was cancelled. Subsequently, the actual target was identified as Los Angeles International Airport. Then, in 2001, The Earth Liberation Front attacked the Urban Horticulture Center at the University of Washington, causing in excess of $7 million in damages. Finally, in 2006, gunmen attacked the Jewish Federal of Greater…… [Read More]

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Identifying Terrorism

Words: 647 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39366564


The Schwartz, Dunkel & Waterman (2009) identity theory model of terrorism has merits. However, it also presents problems that can hinder understanding of the terrorism phenomenon. The primary problem with Schwartz, Dunkel & Waterman's (2009) assessment of terrorism as a function of personal, social, and cultural identity variables is that the variables used to predict terrorism also exist in a non-terrorist framework. Collectivist societies often promote strong in-group/out-group binaries, and those binaries foment a "foreclosed and authoritarian" sense of personal identity. These cultural and social variables are not necessarily rare in the world, but terrorism is rare -- which seems to disprove the generalizability of the theory (Schwartz, Dunkel & Waterman, 2009, p. 537).

A second problem with the Schwartz, Dunkel, & Waterman (2009) argument is that the authors define terrorism too narrowly. Schwartz, Dunkel & Waterman (2009) offer a two-part definition of terrorism that is crafted to meet…… [Read More]

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ISIS Imminent Threat of Terrorism to America

Words: 2474 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 70549026

Terrorism: ISIS Imminent Threat to America

The ISIS ("Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham") is an Islamic State of Iraq, simply known as Islamic state. Since 2010, the Islamic group has seized Mosul and is controlling a territory larger than the United Kingdom. The Islamic state is an extremist's militant group proclaimed calipahate led by the Sunni Arabs in Iraq. By March 2015, the ISIS has occupied a territory of more than 10 million people. Apart from controlling some part of Iraq, the ISIS is also controlling Syria and limited territory in Libya and Nigeria. Moreover, the group has affiliates in some other part of the world in the Southeast Asia. Over the years, the United Nations and the United States have held the ISIS responsible for various war crimes, and act of terrorisms. Typically, the United States and more than 60 countries have waged war against the extremist Islamist…… [Read More]

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Defining Terrorism

Words: 768 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90877797

Terrorism is serious issue which holds different meaning to different people depending on their political beliefs and religious associations. What makes it really contentious in nature is the fact that not everyone sees terrorists as brutal assassins- for some they are national or religious heroes and freedom fighters. While to reach a definition of terrorism is not easy, some attempts have been made to define the term. Title 22 of the United States Code defines terrorism as "premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestine agents" (quoted in U.S. Department of State 1999). Terrorism Act 2000 of Britain views terrorism as "the use or threat . . . designed to influence the government or to intimidate the public or a section of the public and . . . made for the purpose of advancing a political, religious or ideological cause" (United Kingdom 2000). According to…… [Read More]

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Globalization and Terrorism

Words: 620 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 88841604


Although many of the figureheads of international terrorism have been exterminated, terrorism remains a pervasive reality. Whether from domestic or foreign sources, terrorism remains a real threat. Even in the absence of an actual attack, fear of terrorism inevitably harms the quality of life of citizens. Members of our organization should feel safe and secure, knowing that at least at work they are protected from all manner of terrorist attack: whether that be a lone gunman, an explosion, a biological or chemical weapon, or cyberterrorism.

Research into the most effective responses to terrorism shows that terrorism is too diverse and complex a phenomenon to warrant a singular or simple response. We must remain vigilant of multiple types of terrorism, which is why I recommend the creation of a special position in our organization devoted to counterterrorism and internal security. The importance of this new position cannot be underestimated. An…… [Read More]

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Effects of Terrorism on the American Psyche

Words: 968 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 409976

Terrorism and the American Psyche

The attacks of September 11, 2001 not only affected those who were killed and injured, but also millions of ordinary Americans. The impact of this act of terrorism, along with a constant stream of attacks and threats of attacks have substantially altered the American psyche. Immediately after the attacks, Americans across the nation began to suffer from symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. In addition to this, Americans have suffered through a number of psychological effects of terrorism including fear, anger, and vulnerability. All in all, the effect of terrorism on American society has been one of altering the way Americans feel about their safety and their place in the world. In a sense, Americans no longer viewed their world as predictable, orderly, and controllable.

Well known psychologist, William E. Schlenger, stated that the attacks of 9/11 "represent an unprecedented exposure to trauma" within the…… [Read More]

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Does Terrorism Work

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: 'Discussion and Results' chapter Paper #: 59339198

Terrorism and Counterterrorism

Causes of Terrorism

Terrorism clearly draws attention to the group that perpetuated the crime in the media although it is not clear that it 'works' to achieve the stated goals of the groups that use it. Studies of the efficacy of terrorism indicate that it often backfires, at least violent terrorism. "When terrorists kill civilians or captives, it significantly lowers the likelihood of bargaining success" (Solomon 2013). However, some might argue that the accomplishments of former terrorist organizations in gaining the ability to negotiate with the offending power such as the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) (both of which have long renounced terrorism but which began as paramilitary groups) might suggest that violence is often useful in achieving group objectives (Solomon 2013).

But in these instances, the goals of the groups were relatively concrete (expelling British and Israeli influence, respectively, from contested…… [Read More]

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Critically Evaluate the Requirements and Challenges Associated With International Co Operation in Counter Terrorism

Words: 2241 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69831939

Terrorism in the contemporary society - UK

Terrorism is a serious issue in the contemporary society and the international public is actively involved in fighting it through a wide range of channels, both organized and improvised. While terrorism was previously regarded as being a concept with a lesser felt presence in the West, recent decades have proved otherwise and have made it possible for the masses to understand that they are exposed. The September 11, 2001, events in particular changed the way that the masses looked at terrorism in general. People understood that it was a real problem and that they were no longer as safe as they previously thought they were.

The September 11 events made the whole world turn its attention toward the U.S. It seemed that terrorism had chosen the country as a main target and that the American authorities needed to provide a rapid and effective…… [Read More]

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Future Threat of Terrorism Five to Twenty Years in the Future

Words: 1849 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: 'Discussion and Results' chapter Paper #: 38654324

Terrorism and Counterterrorism

Is the United States "winning" the war on terrorism? Are we losing? How do you define winning? (300-400 words) to the following questions and post it to the discussion forum, "Winning." In your response, please cite examples from current events that support your answer.

As early as 2008, the Council on Foreign Relations noted that there was increasing evidence that the U.S. was 'winning' the war on terror: "al Qaeda has not managed to mount any major attacks on an American target, much less on the American homeland, since 9/11. Those attacks that have succeeded have been fairly minor compared with past al-Qaeda atrocities: a 2004 assault on the U.S. consulate in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killed five local employees and no Americans" (Blake 2008). Since then, attacks on U.S. soil, such as the Boston Marathon bombings, while absolutely devastating to the individuals personally affected, have been relatively…… [Read More]

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An Annotated Bibliography on Terrorism

Words: 797 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 43954726


Description of the issue and its global reach;

Bachmann, S., & Gunneriusson, H. (2014). Terrorism and Cyber Attacks as Hybrid Threats: Defining a Comprehensive Approach for Countering 21st Century Threats to Global Risk and Security. The Journal On Terrorism and Security Analysis, http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2252595

This article discusses cyber terrorism and its growing threat in the digital age. The author present finding covering a continuous Hybrid Threat experiment undertaken by researchers at the Swedish Defense College focusing on cyber-attacks and its role in asymmetric conflict.

Graham, M., & Ramiah, V. (2012). Global terrorism and adaptive expectations in financial markets: Evidence from Japanese equity market. Research in International Business and Finance, 26(1), 97-119. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ribaf.2011.07.002

This article examines five terrorist attacks and the impact they had on Japanese industries. The information provides an indicator of how terrorist attacks affect global markets and economies.

Source 3: Pain, R. (2014). Everyday terrorism: Connecting domestic violence…… [Read More]

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International Cooperation to Fight Terrorism

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: 'Discussion and Results' chapter Paper #: 98035499

Terrorism and Counterterrorism.

M5D1: Winners and Losers

Has a nation ever "won" a struggle against a terrorist organization? Was the victory short-lived or seemingly permanent? Has a terrorist organization ever "won" in its conflict against a nation?

Perhaps the closest example to a 'win' that has ever been attained by either a terrorist group or its victim is that of the IRA in Great Britain. Britain was terrorized by a series of attacks by this organization. The IRA demanded that England leave Northern Ireland. "From 1969 through 1997, the IRA splintered into a number of organizations, all called the IRA… The IRA began its terrorist attacks on the British army and police following a summer of violent rioting between Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland," the most infamous of which was called 'Bloody Sunday' (Zalman 2006). "For the next generation, the IRA carried out bombings, assassinations and other terrorist attacks…… [Read More]

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International Definitions of Terrorism

Words: 1269 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17491308


The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks marked a moment in history that will forever change the way the world views terrorism. Because of the attacks, if one is labeled a terrorist in the present day, or is accused of an act of terrorism, these words carry far more severe consequences than it would have in the past. Along with altered responses to terrorism, domestic and international law has altered policy towards terrorism, leading to an evolution of antiterrorism efforts. But what defines a terrorist in the eyes of the world? What types of terrorism exist? Ultimately there are general causes and effects of terrorism. This essay hopes to understand such things and recognize terrorist activity in the present day. Research will also highlight past and will help shed light on whether or not international response is necessary. Since terrorism is a global concern, international response may be crucial to…… [Read More]

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Domestic Terrorism Within the Armed Forces

Words: 2887 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 44287788

Terrorism and the Military (APA).

Domestic Terrorism and the Military

On Friday June 17th a member of the United States Marine Corps Reserve was arrested for trespassing on the grounds of Arlington National Cemetery. In the man's car, police found Al Qaeda literature. What this Ethiopian-born American citizen was doing, and why he had Al Qaeda literature in his car has yet to be determined, but with the recent wave of attacks by Muslim soldiers against their country the question of terrorists inside the U.S. military has become an issue. Since the United States began it's war on terrorism 10 years ago, the number of incidents of U.S. soldiers committing acts of terrorism against their own country has increased, prompting many to worry about the possibility of more terrorist in the military. However, this is not the first time the possibility of terrorists being in the military has been an…… [Read More]

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Domestic and International Terrorism the Differences Between

Words: 1835 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70224299

Domestic and International Terrorism

The differences between domestic and international terrorism

The Federal Bureau of Investigation in America states that terrorism has been classified into two categories as international terrorism and domestic terrorism. Domestic terrorism is defined as an act planned by a group of individuals of evil intentions against the government or against the citizens of the state without any foreign force. On the other hand, international terrorism is a plan plotted against the government or its citizens by a group of individuals and plans are on a foreign basis, and their motivators are from a foreign country outside the United States or the deeds exceed national boundaries. Examples of domestic terrorism include the Oklahoma city bombing and the Olympic city bombings (Burnett, 2007).

Cases of terrorism in the United States have characterized small rebel groups in its records. These rebel groups use terrorism as their tool to achieve…… [Read More]

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Assimilation of Terrorism Perspectives Terrorism Is One

Words: 1477 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57559085

Assimilation of Terrorism Perspectives

Terrorism is one of the deadly and powerful activities feared globally. The acts of terrorism are dangerous to the overall existence and stability of a society. In order to be at a formidable ground in the management and assurance of security in the environment, there are certain features of human activities that can be termed as terrorism in their natural occurrences. Terrorism is a negative aspect to the society. In order to have a valuable ground in the general avenues of managing security in the world, many plans, and programs are directed at countering the occurrences of planned crimes in the society. There are the facets of bodies of knowledge that are referred to as counter mechanisms to the general plans and occurrences of terrorism in the world. In its innate format of understanding, terrorism is defined as an organized crime executed in accordance to the…… [Read More]

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Latin America American Terrorism Issues and Possible

Words: 7613 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 31358330

Latin America

American terrorism issues and possible convergence with drug cartels in Central and South America

Terrorism in Latin America


The leftist National Liberation Army (ELN)

United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC)

The leftist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)




Iranian Activity and Sponsorship Focus

Tri- Boarder area of Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay

Regional Overview and Criminal Activities and Concerns

Parallel developments of Terrorism and Organized Crime

Poverty, Discrimination and Relative Denial

Interconnections between Terrorism and Organized Crime


Abu Nidal organization (ANO)

The leftist National Liberation Army (ELN)

United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC)

The leftist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)

HAMAS (Islamic Resistance Movement)

Hizballah (Party of God)

Types of Crime which may also Finance Terrorist Activity 25

Drugs and Drug Cartels 25


Credit Card fraud

Donations 27

Religious "Zakat" tax 27

International Organizations 27

Internet 28

U.S. Concerns, Response and Possible…… [Read More]

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Domestic Terrorism in the United States Americans

Words: 2881 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96332026

Domestic Terrorism in the United States

Americans view terrorism as a form of art and science with higher complications. Particularly, the actions of, 9/11, prompted a new face for terrorism. The place of terrorist activity and the origin of terrorists give the distinction of the profile of domestic terrorisms and that of international terrorism. International terrorism entails the terrorist activities that are foreign-sponsored by institutions outside of the United States. On the other hand, domestic terrorism entails all terrorist activities directed on population and facilities with the United States. Prior to the 9/11 attack, domestic terrorisms seemed less dangerous, but after the attack, a new era of terrorism found its way in the U.S. The distinction between international terrorism and domestic terrorism does not solely refer to the place where terrorist activity takes place, but the origin of the perpetrators of terrorist acts. As a result, this brief overview highlights…… [Read More]

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Law Enforcement Responses to Terrorism

Words: 1696 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 48535613

Law Enforcement Responses on Terrorism

Law Enforcement on Terrorism

The paper covers the topic, Law Enforcement Responses on Terrorism. It creates the understanding of Terrorism and the impact on the society, as well as the threats it poses to law enforcement agents. The paper identifies various tactics that law enforcement officials employ in order to deal with terrorist activities, for example, the use of technology such as GIS (Geographical information systems). The paper explains the importance of community engagement and training in preventing terrorism.

Law Enforcement Responses on Terrorism

In the current literature, especially literature on criminal justice there lacks a global consensus concerning the definition of "terrorism." Nevertheless, the United Nations has been incapable of providing a solution concerning its definition. This has made people come up with their own definitions, which vary according to the person's perception of the terror activities. For instance, some suggest that terrorism is…… [Read More]

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Domestic Terrorism

Words: 3000 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90284008

Domestic Terrorism

America is home to people with varied cultural backgrounds who have been confined into one political and geographical territory. These people may have issues and conflicts but still find themselves living together because of shared territorial borders (Zalman, 2013). The United States has managed for a very long time to contain multitude of people with diverse religious, political, and cultural views in relative harmony. Incidences of terrorist attacks that have been meted out on America domestically, exemplifies the distrust people have with the American ideal of democracy where people from backgrounds can all claim loyalty to and the benefits of the American system. Domestic terrorism is not something unique to the 20th and 21st century America (Zalman, 2013). It is something that dates back to the pre-independence period when the colonialists used violence to proclaim independence. Colonists staged rebellion to the British authorities to into changing its policy…… [Read More]

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Domestic Terrorism on Policing Since 911 Criminal

Words: 2231 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11072806

Domestic Terrorism on Policing since 911

Criminal justice incorporates government institutional systems and practices that aim at combating and deterring crime, or sanctioning the law offenders through rehabilitation efforts or criminal penalties, all with a goal of upholding social control. The accused persons have entitlement to protection against any investigatory and prosecution power abuses, unless found guilty. Despite all these efforts, criminal activities within the globe has ever been at the peak of both national and international debates as law offenders continue multiplying and violating the laws. Nonetheless, no crime has ever been close to the terror activities or attacks of 9/11 in the dimensions of scope, impacts and loss of human lives. As a result, governments of diverse nations have been at the war front in fighting against terror activities within their areas of jurisdictions, as well as combating terror activities within the entire globe (Innes, 2006). This has…… [Read More]

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Financing Terrorism America's Unique Position

Words: 3643 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 45405523

Simply put, the September 11th attacks would never have occurred without the prior development of the group's worldwide infrastructure, which consists of truly billions of dollars to establish and maintain (Ehrenfeld, 2003). Enormous amounts of money have been spent on recruitment, training camps, purchasing weapons, training on weapons, creating unconventional weapons, gathering intelligence, promoting Islamist propaganda and other activities (Ehrenfeld, 2003).

The Last Five Years

One of the things that the United States government has learned to do with a greater level of dexterity has been to adapt to the changing technologies which allow terrorist organizations to fund their operations. For instance, with the advancing technologies, vulnerabilities still persist in arenas such as digital currencies and alternative transfer network, also causing even more bitter battles over bureaucratic turf. As the technogical methodologies for moving money around the world improve and become more streamlined, or just more distinct, the U.S. government…… [Read More]

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European Counter Terrorism Challenges Faced by European

Words: 1215 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85691573

European Counter Terrorism

Challenges Faced by European Counterterrorism Efforts in Tackling Transnational Terrorism.

Terrorist activities and violent extremism represents a significant threat to the European Union (EU) member states, which necessitates the need for appropriate measures for curbing the severe extent of such activities. This article briefly highlights the hurdles encountered by EU in implementing the counter terrorism strategies. The core challenge involves major threats from Al-Qaeda groups and individuals, radicalization of violent terrorist activities, the drastic growth of cyber terrorism and the challenges faced by European intelligence agencies pertaining to the cooperation among them.

Challenges Faced by European Counterterrorism Efforts in Tackling Transnational Terrorism

The growing pace of terrorist activities in EU member states compelled them to adopt a wide variety of measures in combating them. The structure of EU counterterrorism policies has changes a great deal after the 9/11 terrorist attack in U.S.. The counterterrorism policy revolves around…… [Read More]

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Combating Future Terrorism

Words: 1028 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 61871805

Combating Future Terrorism

The Continuing Threat Posed by Islamic Terrorists

Brinkley. J. (2013). Islamic Terror: Decentralized, Franchised, Global. World Affairs, 176(2),

Professor of Journalism Joel Brinkley explains that many countries around the world have been attacked by Muslim radicals (he includes Tanzania, where extremists beheaded a Christian pastor because he was training to become a meat butcher and the radicals asserted this trade was "theirs alone"), and that "…jihadist atrocities" have become a "status quo to be lived with" in many parts of the world. His point? There is violence all around the world due to the hatred and intolerance by radical groups, most of them Islamic, and Americans may as well get used to this chaotic and bloody situation. And indeed, he sees that more terrorist attacks against the U.S. are likely. He doesn't offer any way to avoid those attacks, however.

Loss of Some Civil Liberties and Americans'…… [Read More]

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International Crime Terrorism and Organized Crime Trends

Words: 3182 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 30816158

International Crime, Terrorism, And Organized Crime Trends

Comparing contrasting topics international crime, terrorism, organized crime trends

This research has confirmed the possibility of close correlation between money laundering activities, Islamic terrorist fundraising, organized crime, and corruption of public officials throughout Brazilian Hizballah region. The organized crime networks and the Islamic extremists of Brazil must be examined in collaboration because they are connected to wider networks in Latin America zone and across the world. All the organized activities and terrorists in Brazilian Hizballah were facilitated by corrupt officials, which were driven by the benefits of lucrative criminal activities conducted such as business ventures by terrorists and organized crime groups. Consequently, there was a mutually beneficial association among the three sectors. In this study, Brazilian Hizballah will serve as a microcosm.


A number of free-Trade American regions with massive Middle Eastern populations permit organized crime mafias, Islamic terrorist groups, and corrupt…… [Read More]

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Narco-Terrorism in Afghanistan Narco-Terrorism Refers

Words: 955 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14049123

However, it is tempting to overstate the importance of Bin Laden's death. While he was a high-ranked person in his terrorist organization, Al Qaeda operates in cells. There are an untold number of men with the same amount of power as Bin Laden currently plotting against the United States. Killing Bin Laden most certainly did not eliminate the terrorist threat faced by the United States. In fact, it may have provided additional motivation to young terrorists throughout the Arab world. Killing Bin Laden did nothing to increase domestic security from terrorism. Therefore, his death had very little significance for national security. To understand how Bin Laden's death could be important politically and figuratively while having very little literal value, it is important to understand these two distinctions.

Legitimacy of the U.S. Led War on Terror

The War on Terror is, like its predecessor, the War on Drugs, an unwinnable war.…… [Read More]

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Psychology Terrorism the Stuff IT'S Made of

Words: 1015 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70640262

Psychology Terrorism


Psychology Terrorism

Psychological Profile of a Terrorist

More than four decades of investigation on the profiling of terrorists yielded two major findings (Hudson, 1999; Nance, 2008). First, there does not seem to a single terrorist personality by which they can be profiled. Terrorism psychologists, political scientists and sociologists shared this consensus. Terrorist personalities are as varied as practitioners in the legal profession or any group. Terrorists do not possess neatly identifiable personality traits by which they can be visibly detected. Second, terrorists are not typically diagnosably psychopathic or mentally sick. Although they act and proceed with their task out of a delusional view of the world, they are actually and ironically sane and quite deliberate (Hudson, Nance).

Terrorist groups are carefully and highly selected during recruitment, although their top leaders may possess psychopathic traits (Hudson, 1999; Nance, 2008). But members cannot depose a…… [Read More]

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America's War on Terrorism Since the Attacks

Words: 1060 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43685305

America's War on Terrorism since the attacks of September 11th, 2001.

America's war on Terrorism since 9/11 has largely been conducted in intensifying domestic security in all areas. The highlight has been capturing Osama bin Laden, followed by a phased extraction of the American Army out of Iraq. Nonetheless, security alert is on an all-time high and Defense receives a high proportion of fiscal allocation and focus.

government has also stepped up its surveillance system constructing a highly intricate and controversial eavesdropping data-system base that is run by the National Security Agency and contains trillions of e-mails, web searches and commercial transactions." (McGregor 2011)). A similar system, on as massive a scale, will almost be complete in San Antonio, Texas. Both of these systems support the NSA's headquarters in Fort Meade, Maryland and house everything "from records of phone calls to and from Iran to credit card purchases by potential…… [Read More]

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Is Predicting Terrorism a Beneficial Proposition for Intelligence for Counter-Terrorism Stakeholders

Words: 993 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: A-Level Coursework Paper #: 21669964

Counterintelligence and Predicting Terrorism

Sovereign states have always had a vested interest in accurately predicting the course of future events, from the ancient espionage of medieval courts to the advanced intelligence agencies used today, but the process of anticipating and neutralizing threats on a preemptive basis has proven to be exceedingly difficult in the age of modern terrorism. Western powers explicitly targeted by Al-Qaeda and other jihadist organizations, including the United States, Great Britain, and other industrialized nations, have been forced to exist in a state of perpetual tension, knowing that the next spectacularly-scaled attack is inevitable but lacking the specific foresight needed to prevent its occurrence. With billions of dollars being invested annually to fund counterterrorism intelligence operations, and scant evidence that these efforts have constituted an efficient and effective use of valuable resources, many governments have begun to reassess this philosophy of preventative vigilance. The incredible complexity of…… [Read More]

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International Terrorism Has Brought With

Words: 2646 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78271210

Sohail believed that because this incident happened -- and because it reflects negatively on the image of Muslims -- "…all the Muslim people in America will be driven out. This has happened in reality," he asserted. "This is obvious. This happened, and it is happening now" (Rousseau, 167). Some of those interviewed in Karachi expressed "intense pain and anger at the injustice of the aftereffects on Pakistanis and Muslims" following 9/11.

The authors expressed some surprise at the substance of the interviews, not so much that the Muslims blamed the U.S. For the attacks, but that the immigrants in Montreal and the more middle class and well-educated Muslims in Karachi shared the same litany. It says a great deal about the anger against the U.S. that was expressed in 2008, and likely remains even today. Needless to say the death of Osama bin Laden had not happened yet, but it…… [Read More]

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2006 Global Terrorism Nie Like Any Intelligence

Words: 998 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57801232

2006 Global Terrorism NIE

Like any intelligence product, the declassified Key Judgments of the 2006 National Intelligence Estimate "Trends in Global Terrorism: Implications for the United States" relies on certain explicit and implicit assumptions as a part of its analysis. Identifying these assumptions is crucial for evaluating the accuracy of any piece of analysis, and intelligence products in particular. Explicit assumptions may be identified by looking out for key words, while implicit assumptions require more in-depth consideration.

The explicit assumptions in the 2006 NIE are identified by certain key words which inform the reader that the following information is not verified fact, but rather based on an assumption, which itself may or may not be based on specific evidence. These key words include terms like "probably," "likely," "could," and "would," because all of these words signify that the statements being made are conditional, rather than definitive. In other instances, the…… [Read More]

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Causes of Terrorism

Words: 2694 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 4960511

The debilitating economic conditions and return of foreign investors within the country has a direct impact on the financial circumstances of businesses on the stock market (Freeman & Logan, 2004).

Skyrocketing prices of consumer commodities and everyday necessities are observed when the nation is likely to experience poor financial and economic situation. Consumer conference gets badly damaged when the prices fluctuates on the higher side. These reasons only create imprecise ways of earning money and surviving for the livelihood, which escalates terrorism (Freeman & Logan, 2004).

The tourism industry of any nation gets equally affected if high incidents of terrorism are recorded. This is typically due to the reason that tourist, sightseers, and travelers would give less preference to the countries with increased episodes of the heinous crime in comparison to the rest of the countries. Even though, the country is making great efforts to promote its tourism industry on…… [Read More]

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Psychology of Terrorism

Words: 2629 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: 'Introduction' chapter Paper #: 61469454

Terrorism and the Low Numbers of Practicing Terrorists

Horrific acts of terror have plagued this planet for centuries. The contemporary prevalence of such acts has spawned the term 'terrorism' which has been precisely defined by Merriam Webster's New English Dictionary as "the systematic use of terror (which is defined as a violent or destructive act in this context) especially as a means of coercion" (Merriam-Webster's New English Dictionary 2011). Though despite the recent popularity of this term, its origins go back to the French Revolution. Surprisingly enough, this period of terror was actually perpetrated by the French Government . Eventually entitled "The Reign of Terror," the infamousness of this historical era brought the horrors of violent oppression (in this case it was a government oppressing its population) to the world stage . Similarly to the atrocious deeds committed by the French Government during the Reign of Terror, activities that would…… [Read More]

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Why Terrorism Is as Old as Humanity

Words: 1693 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48852493

history of Terrorism

There are many different definitions for terrorism, depending on the country or organization. Broadly speaking, the first deliberate acts of violence registered in the history of the human civilization that were conducted with no regard for human life or dignity, aiming at spreading and controlling though fear could be labeled as acts of terror. Terrorism is generally thought to include the idea of spreading fear for the purpose of controlling a group of people, communities or entire populations and influencing decision making at different levels. So, terrorist acts are the result of radical, extremist thinking, being produced because some people need to make their voices heard and think that fear is the best, most efficient, the only way to do it.

Government officials and academics alike, have a hard time coming to a consensus when it comes to a definition of terrorism, especially for the purpose of…… [Read More]

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International Terrorism Why Terrorism Has Changed

Words: 1527 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 46279830

Terrorism, destabilization, and the modern global environment

Modern terrorism is often said to have a very unique and particular character, not the least of which is the dominant influence of the Internet in shaping and supporting its activities. Of course, it could be argued that on a very basic level certain aspects of terrorism have remained unchanging across the eras, namely terrorists' desire to inflict fear upon a population by using indiscriminate violence against civilians and the desire to garner publicity for a cause. However, the tools available to terrorists have changed, just as the social and political environment is constantly undergoing shifts and alternations that give rise to new motivations for violence. The decentralization of the 21st century balance of power combined with decentralized methods of communication has created a uniquely toxic environment fertile for terrorism, in contrast to previous eras.

The Internet: A new tool for terrorism

Many…… [Read More]

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American Terrorism for Many People

Words: 14357 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 86656733

The USA Patriot Act: This was a law that was passed after September 11th. It is giving the police and intelligence officials the power to go after terrorists organizations easier. As it lifted various Constitutional protections when investigating these offenses.

Counter Terrorism: These are the activities that: federal, state and local officials are taking to prevent future terrorist attacks.

Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD): These are weapons designed to inflict large amounts of casualties. These include: chemical, radiological, biological and nuclear.

These different terms are important, because they will help to avoid confusion and will focus the reader on understanding the overall scope of the problem.

Limitations of the Study

The limitations of the study are that the information we are presenting, could be pointing out a number of different problems. Yet, beneath the surface they are failing to identify possible changes that could have already been implemented by federal…… [Read More]

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International Terrorism and Homegrown Terrorism

Words: 2510 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 1060284

Homegrown extremism threats both in the European Union (EU) as well as the United States (U.S.) have grown since the last decade. Past and present studies along with past and current political leadership have directed their focus and funds to counter global threats of extremism and terrorism whilst ignoring homegrown extremism threats. This paper focuses on the threats posed by domestic terrorist groups or homegrown extremist groups using research data from reputable sources and compares and contrasts transactional and domestic terrorism. The paper recommends that homegrown terrorism or extremism can be reduced and subsequently eliminated by creating functional political and economic societies where equity and justice are for all to enjoy.

Comparison of homegrown and international terrorism

The concept "homegrown" emerged within not only academic but also policy-centered reports following the train bombings in 2005 Britain. However, the precise and accurate meaning of his term and its application is somewhat…… [Read More]

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Global Terrorisms Main Aim Is to Inflict Destruction

Words: 1931 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 12504471

Global Terrorism

Terrorism is a systematic use of terror or violence as means of achieving purpose. Within the international community, the act of terrorism has no legal binding. Common definition of terrorism refers to a violent act intended to create act of terrors to achieve political, ideological and religious goals, typically, terrorists disregard the safety of non-combatant civilians. The concept terrorism is an emotional charged and politically loaded and has been practiced by a broad array of political organizations. However, the indiscriminate use of violence against civilians has been the major characteristics of terrorism. (Spindlove, & Simonsen, 2010). The act of terrorism has become a global phenomenon where there are linkages of terrorist organizations in one country with terrorist organizations in other countries. The rapid development of telecommunications has assisted in the development of global terrorisms.

Purpose of this research is to explore a global terrorism as the main aim…… [Read More]

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Protecting Ourselves Against Terrorism

Words: 3671 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83464042

S. has to be active in supporting the International Law. He argues that our effort should not be to defeat a set of criminals, Osama Bin Laden, his Al-Qaeda network and a few like-minded groups, but we have to undermine the notion that any action is acceptable for a cause and slaughter of civilian is an acceptable political act.

The fight against terrorism has to be based not on destroying a certain group of terrorists but as a campaign of human rights. Geneva Conventions and international human rights law specifically establish that terrorism is not a legitimate act of war or politics. These rules specify that civilians should never be deliberately killed or abused, regardless of the cause. Mr. Bush's refusal to condemn Israel's bombing of civilian targets in an impotent Lebanon may be politically expedient but it says that United States considers it all right to deliberately bomb civilian…… [Read More]

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Criminal Justice Domestic Terrorism

Words: 2488 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 77053016


While many Americans today remember the events of September 11, 2001 when international terrorists flew aircraft into the World Trade Center and the Pentagon and killed thousands, fewer will likely remember the largest domestic terrorism event in the nation's history which took place just a few years earlier when Timothy McVeigh bombed the Alfred P. Murrah Building in Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995, killing 168 people including 19 children. As these events fade in the national memory, the question whether international or domestic terrorism represents the largest threat to the nation's interests remains unanswered. Therefore, in order to provide a timely answer to this question, this paper reviews the relevant literature, followed by a discussion and analysis, to determine whether domestic terrorism or international terrorism represents the biggest danger to the American public. A summary of the research and important…… [Read More]

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Sponsored Terrorism State Sponsored Terrorism

Words: 3599 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43979684

That assertion has been discredited by authoritative / independent sources subsequent to the American occupation of Iraq, but some members of the Bush Administration - and others who support the administration - still contend that Iraq (prior to the American occupation) was a state sponsor of terrorism.

In another article published by the Council on Foreign Affairs, the writer explains that Saddam Hussein's regime has provided training camps, operating bases, headquarters and other kinds of support to terrorists groups that were fighting against the regimes in Turkey and in Iran, both countries which border Iraq. Also, during the Gulf War in 1991, it was explained in the Council on Foreign Affairs article, Saddam paid for several terrorist attacks on U.S. facilities, but those failed to be completed.

In the Bill Clinton Administration, there was a time when Saddam Hussein was accused of sponsoring (or planning, or providing support for) a…… [Read More]

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Forecasting Terrorism Major Trends in

Words: 3786 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94834501

The narrow selfishness of these terrorists then relate to the well-being of their families in either the positive or negative sense. They engage in suicidal terrorism to either protect their families from the threat of harm, or to provide them with comfort by means of money.

On the other hand, Caplan also notes that suicidal terrorism is extremely rare, and is therefore a greater indicator of self-interest among terrorists than engaging in suicidal activities. The author concludes that it is probably more rational not to wish to commit suicide for the cause of terrorism than it is to do so. Available statistics appear to confirm this.

Caplan cites terrorist beliefs as one of the main reasons for the perception of their actions as irrational. One of these improbable beliefs is the example of the 72 virgins mentioned above. This is the reward promised for suicide bombers. Furthermore, extreme predictions regarding…… [Read More]

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International Terrorism State Department Defines

Words: 2174 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 888331

Terrorist tactics are resorted to because groups think they are effective. Beliefs, such as this, are the root cause of terrorism.

The UN must show that these beliefs are wrong. The UN High-Level Panel is also proposing a clear definition of terrorism for the purpose The second main element should make it difficult for terrorist groups to travel, receive financial support or obtain nuclear or radiological materials. In the pursuit of the third main element, the UN has consistently confronted States, which harbor and help terrorists and applied sanctions. The measure has been effective in restraining these States. This hard line should be maintained and made stronger. Under the fourth main element, UN Resolution 1373 requires every member-State to take measures in preventing terrorism in their respective jurisdictions. The Counter-Terrorism Committee oversees the implementation of the Resolution. The new Counter-Terrorism Directorate will provide technical assistance to poor countries without the…… [Read More]

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War on Terrorism Though it

Words: 2809 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 18337894


The establishing of healthy diplomatic relationships with other nations is an important tool in guaranteeing a safer nation with peace. In efforts aimed at improving the diplomatic ties with some Middle East countries like Pakistan, the United States embarked on strategies of cooling hostilities with these countries. For a long period, some Middle East countries have been considered as nations which sponsor terrorism particularly against the United States. This notion has always contributed to diplomatic hostilities between the United States and these countries. Diplomacy is an effective way of fighting terrorism that yields positive results. For instance, the improvement of diplomatic ties between the U.S. And Pakistan has transformed the public image of the U.S. The United States has also continued to strengthen friendly ties with most of its friendly and non-friendly nations like the South Korea, a hardliner in its bid to developing nuclear weapons.

Due to the…… [Read More]

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Narco-Terrorism Narco- Terrorism Can Be Seen From

Words: 1780 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93382729


Narco- terrorism can be seen from a number of perspectives. The term is commonly applied to the use of terrorist techniques by drug traffickers and dealers to distract attention from and facilitate drug abuse. An accepted definition in this regard is as follows:

DOD) Terrorism conducted to further the aims of drug traffickers. It may include assassinations, extortion, hijackings, bombings, and kidnappings directed against judges, prosecutors, elected officials, or law enforcement agents, and general disruption of a legitimate government to divert attention from drug operations. (Narco-Terrorism: definition)

From a broader sociological perspective Narco-terrorism can also be seen in terms of its emphasis on the aspect of terrorism per se. From this broader and more inclusive perspective a number assessments of the meaning of the term may be made. Firstly, in this wider context narcotics can be used as another weapon in the terrorist's arsenal to influence and detrimentally affect…… [Read More]

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Domestic Terrorism Cause and Prevention

Words: 4814 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51224753

Domestic Terrorism

The Al-Qaeda group is probably the most popular terrorist group known this century for their very high-profile attacks; their most bold move was the destruction of the World Trade Center, now known today as 911, or September 11th. These motives are said to be of the religious sort, however there are arguments when it comes to the validity of these claims, as it may come off as to discriminate to other Islam who may not share the same views on terrorism (Emerson, 2002).

There are common beliefs in society nowadays which are fueled by a media, which generalize terrorists to be falling under one category (Nacos, 2009). This is of a religious category, Muslims in particular. There are two reasons for this, the main reason is basically ignorance of the Islamic religion, and the other is media sensationalism. There is an impression on a lot of people that…… [Read More]

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Causes of Domestic Terrorism Advocates for Political

Words: 2571 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 9112327

Causes of Domestic Terrorism

Advocates for political change and social concern are at the forefront of domestic terrorism in the United States. Domestic terrorism references groups and individuals based in and operate within the United States. Terrorism is noted as the oldest form of solving human conflict and was historically to declare war.

The Federal Code of Regulations defines terrorism, a relevant term, as "...the unlawful use of force and violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives" (Federal Bureau of Investigation).

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) categorizes the types of domestic terrorism as right-wing, left-wing and special. Right-wing terrorist practice on the theory of free speech and constitutional rights. They adhere to a philosophy of racial supremacy and embrace anti-government and anti-regulatory beliefs. Left-wing terrorists are radical, in that they seek…… [Read More]

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Combating Terrorism Has Become a Major Concern

Words: 1619 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13655123

Combating terrorism has become a major concern of the United States Government. It has been a major concern for a number of years but it has taken on particular importance since the events of 9/11 shocked the American society and the world. Following such events the Government stepped up its efforts at combating terrorism with a number of U.S. governmental agencies stepping up front and center to initiate efforts.

One of the Government agencies that reorganized itself in an attempt to combat terrorism was the U.S. State Department. The State Department has been involved in combating terrorism since terrorism first began to be a security problem for the United States. Terrorism is not a new concept but it has become a more popular vehicle for those seeking to make an impact and to promote a particular point-of-view (Rapin). Although the concept means different things to different people, the general concept…… [Read More]

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Counter the New Terrorism Threat

Words: 3129 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92024491

This is not an isolated incident, many experts believe there are many other biological weapons available to terrorist organizations, and the biggest problem they face is how do disperse them effectively.

Many considerations must be handled in order to control these types of attacks. First, the country must attempt to block these items from entering the country. Intelligence, monitoring, infiltration, and higher security at the nation's borders and ports can fend off at least some of these weapons. Second, if they do enter the country, there must be ways of locating and disarming them before they are set off. Of course, that is much easier said than done. Local and national response experts will need to be trained in how to deal with these weapons. Expert Steven Simon states, "Emergency response teams will need to be able to pinpoint the location of a device, identify its type, and know in…… [Read More]

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International Terrorism Is the Notion

Words: 2130 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 71469026

means that these groups, despite their different goals and agendas, are
often left with no choice but to engage in terrorist activities. The
normal course of action has failed and will fail and as marginalized from
the normal institutions that govern, a more direct and violent approach is
necessary. Lacking the political, technological, and popular support to
engage in a real war, terrorism allows for a few who are on the outside to
become increasingly heard and their goals are, at least in the moment,
furthered. But the results are rarely permanent and the popular backlash
may even hurt the cause which would otherwise have had some popular
This analysis, that those who engage in terrorist activities expect
better and when their expectations are not realized they are forced to use
terrorism as an action is effective and relevant in helping to explain the
causes and understanding of…… [Read More]

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Argentina's Definition of Terrorism Is

Words: 3585 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55237152

These policies aim to prevent such proceeds from being utilized in future criminal activities and from affecting legitimate economic activities" (Anti-Money Laundering Authority, n.d.).

Another action taken at the international level this time is represented by the cooperation programs which are designed to strengthen the level of information exchange on the one hand and the financial possibilities of the countries involved in the projects on the other hand. Thus, "Argentina cooperated closely in all significant international counterterrorism efforts within the United Nations and the Organization of American States (OAS) where it was vice-chair of the Inter-American Committee Against Terrorism; the United States was chair. The Argentine Government was instrumental in promoting improved coordination with its neighbors (Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia, and Chile) in strengthening security and countering terrorist-support networks in the Triborder area. The Government of Argentina has been particularly cooperative in responding to requests related to blocking the financial…… [Read More]

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Psychology of Terrorism Defined What

Words: 2176 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 90950602

The most refined understanding on the issue of morality of terrorism is given by Michael Walzer. According to him in modern times, terror is considered to be the totalitarian view of politics as well as war. It destroys the conventional thinking as well as the political mode. It ignores moral confines and for being inside the groups of citizens/civilian population, there is no such small category wherein the immunity may be claimed. Terrorists anyhow do not make provisions for such forms of claim and they kill any person. (Blin; Schneider; Pulver; Browner, 2007)

V. Terrorist or Freedom Fighter:

Whether a person is a terrorist or a freedom fighter depends on the perspective. Civilian society treats terrorists as 'those involved in spreading terror' while terrorist groups regard their brethren as 'freedom fighters'. Interestingly there are three perspectives of terrorism. First is the terrorist, the next is the victim and the third…… [Read More]

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Domestic Terrorism Difficult to Define

Words: 1501 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 98017022

Further, these groups are not motivated by violence, but instead are still political groups trying to convince the mainstream political organizations of their views.

Thus, it is clear that identifying domestic terrorism is different in today's society, taking many forms. Understanding how domestic terrorism can often be difficult to pinpoint can help criminal justice scholars as they attempt to define what should be considered domestic violence and what can be simply labeled political.


Hsu, S.S. (2005). FBI Papers Show Terror Inquiries Into PETA; Other Groups Tracked.

Retrieved June 9, 2009, from The Washington Post. Web Site: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/12/19/AR2005121901777.html

Huus, K. (2003, November 14). U.S. takes hard line on Greenpeace. Retrieved June 9,

2009, from MSNBC. Web Site: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3475218/

McCauley, C.R. (n.d.). The Psychology of Terrorism. Retrieved June 9, 2009, from the Social Science Research Council. Web Site: http://www.ssrc.org/sept11/essays/mccauley.htm

Neiwert, D. (2001, April 20). Threat from within: Origins of Domestic Terrorism.…… [Read More]

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Domestic Terrorism as the World

Words: 1519 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63500012

Similarly, PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) -- another nongovernmental institution that militates for the rights of animals -- has also been accused of terrorism. On several occasions, PETA has granted funds to the Animal Liberation Front and the Earth Liberation Front, both of which are included on the list of domestic terrorist organizations (the Center for Consumer Freedom, 2004).

Looking at the matter with a critical eye and from a technical standpoint, it could probably be argued that the actions and the approaches used by PETA and Greenpeace could be perceived as terrorism. Yet, it would be morally wrong to convict these entities as their goals are much nobler. Unlike traditional terrorist groups who use violence to promote their own selfish goals, the two organizations implement more aggressive approaches to attain goals of making the world a better place.


Kaplan, D.E., Tharp, M., 1997, Terrorism threats…… [Read More]

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U S Foreign Policy on Terrorism

Words: 2230 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 572844

International Terrorism

Discussion Questions on International Terrorism

Explain the origins and evolution of long-term separatists and ethnic and nationalistic terrorism. Also, provide group names and their respective parts of the world.

Ethno- separatist/nationalist terrorism is not specifically a modern phenomenon. Historically, two Jewish movements in Judaea that desired to provoke the local population to rise against the Roman occupiers used ethno-racial terrorism. However, it was only in 60s and 70s that terrorism came to be associated with ethnic- separatist/nationalist movements (Conser, Paynich & Gingerich, 2013). During that time, terrorism was seen as paying off on the reasons for effective, aggressive campaigns launched and won. The Palestine Liberation Organization's terrorist movement between 1968 and 1980 confirmed to other nationalist groups that internationalizing their cause could be valuable. The variety of ethnic-national/separatist terrorist movements effective worldwide, therefore, increased from three in 1968 to 30 in 1978 (Cassara, 2006).

Psychologists argue that the…… [Read More]