Special Education Essays (Examples)

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Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact

Words: 4963 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49924118

What is known, though, is that many school counselors continue to be underutilized by the very stakeholders who stand to gain the most benefit from their services, and in many cases the professional services rendered by school counselors is incongruent with the ACSA National Model. For example, in their study, "School Counselors Walking the Walk and Talking the Talk," Scarborough and Luke (2008) emphasize that, "Research has continually found that school counselors are not spending their time as they would prefer, and much of what they do is not reflective of what is currently advocated as best practice" (37). As Walsh, Barrett, and DePaul (2007) noted, even the most ambitious counselor committed to the implementation of the ASCA National Model is limited in his or her abilities to fulfill the counselor role effectively if the other key stakeholders, especially teachers, fail to support the adoption and implementation of the ASCA…… [Read More]

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Elementary Classroom Websites Support Children's

Words: 1475 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55371636


Free games, quizzes, and teaching tools for K. through Grade 8, linked to McREL subject standards; site sponsored by Pearson Education.

LearningPage.com (http://www.learningpage.com)

Free instructional materials that can be downloaded and printed, including e-books, lesson plans, worksheets, and clip art.

Source: Koehler, 2007 at p. 286.

There are also a number of activities that can be used in an elementary school classroom that are specifically designed for online use. For example, Lacina (2004) reports that one such popular activity is a Web Quest, which is an "authentic Web-based environment that supports inquiry learning" (p. 113). Generally speaking, Web Quests contain the following elements:

An introduction or scenario;

task that is meaningful or doable;

process for completing the task, often in groups;

Information resources to support the task;

Guidance on how to organize the information acquired;

conclusion that brings closure and reflection (Lacina, p. 113).

In fact, the entire Web…… [Read More]

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Learning Process of Elementary School

Words: 4804 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9019674

We will include studies concerning memory recall in elementary students.

Androes et al. (2000) asserts that memory recall is essential to reading comprehension in elementary students. The authors insists that reading comprehension is defined as the capacity to understand and recall the details, sequence, and meaning from written material (Androes et al. 2000; Klein 2000). Reading comprehension is a fundamental skill that is one of the critical elements of any primary-level education (Androes et al. (2000). Many researchers have argued that teaching techniques that include the fine arts should be abandoned. However, other research has suggested that the techniques aid in the improvement of memory recall and reading comprehension. In addition, a great deal of research has found a correlation between arts education and academic achievement on every level including reading comprehension (Androes et al. (2000). To further explore this correlation the authors conducted research to examine the impact of…… [Read More]

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Strategies to Build Culture

Words: 781 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 72567587

Teaching Culture: Strategies for Building Culture in Education Institutions

Building relationships and an overall culture is important in any organization both to ensure that the organization itself operates in an efficient and effective manner, and to make sure that each individual within that organization is achieving their full potential for advancement and growth. This is no different in educational institutions, where interpersonal relationships and overall culture can have a large and direct impact on the quality of education provided and the development of educators in their profession. The following paragraphs will outline a particular example of a strategy used to build relationships and strengthen culture in an educational institution as experienced first-hand by the author, detailing the theoretical underpinnings of the strategy and the particulars of its implementation.

Building an Effective Culture in Educational Settings

One of the most essential aspects of culture in any education setting is building relationships…… [Read More]

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Early Childhood Issues Since the

Words: 710 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44176235

Findings from several research studies show that when computer software and classroom manipulatives were compared, "the computer software was found to be the more effective means of skill building in young children" (Hitchcock and Noonan, 2000). The key, it appears, is the judicious use of technology and the timeframe in which computers are used. Computer software can be used as a learning tool, but disguised as a game. Further research found that computers are motivating and promote teacher-student interaction, which allows the teacher to encourage, prompt, and point to display items. While more research is clearly needed, the computer can be programmed to meet individual learning needs and to adapt regular curriculum issues in a more robust manner (Spencer and Baskin, 1997).

Part 4 -- The literature shows us that there are five major ways in which computers enhance learning in early childhood education:

Enhancing Learning -- There is a…… [Read More]

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Disadvantaged Population Young African-American Men

Words: 656 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50429776


Disadvantaged population: Young, African-American Men

Recently black males have been openly described as an endangered species. This crisis of the black male has been accredited to more than a few factors and is noticeable in literally all features of society. They are primarily absent from institutions of higher learning and from the labor force. They also quit school and are imprisoned at an elevated rate. These matters can all be accredited to the position of black males inside the area of education. The current problem covers several issues: an elevated drop-out rate, low test scores, and small pace of entrance into colleges and universities (Poorman, 2008).

According to Milner (2007), black males in city schools are frequently thought to be troubled students whose futures are not known. Black male students are completely underrepresented in gifted education and overrepresented in special education. According to the author there are five things…… [Read More]

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ESL and Poor Achievement English

Words: 963 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52543812

We know this situation is particularly critical for special education, ESL, and bilingual teachers. Although these teachers require an even deeper understanding of reading, language, curricula, and instructional practices than do mainstream teachers, in fact they have even fewer opportunities in their preparation programs to acquire this expertise." (RAND, nd) The report states that as well that grade retention does not result achievement in reading on a long-term basis without the provision of "specialized instruction." Stated as three findings in the RAND study is that: (1) High stakes tests are affecting reading comprehension instruction in unknown ways; (2) The preparation of teachers does not adequately address children's need for reading comprehension instruction; and (3) Making good on the federal investment in education requires more knowledge about reading comprehension.


In a study conducted by Nonie Lesaux on a group of 30…… [Read More]

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Learning as Well as Assessment

Words: 3633 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8900464

(Singer, 2003, p. 36) Education should be a constructive process. Palinscar states that the teacher must assume an active and directive role by establishing the pace, content, and goals of the lesson. (Palincsar, 1998) Byra also described such a process of "task progression" through which content is broken down and sequenced into meaningful learning experiences. (Byra, 2004) the lesson learned from receiving fifty percent credit on a late assignment is not necessarily the lesson intended.

Each step in the academic process contributes to the learning process. An assignment is not merely research. It is not merely a grade. It is the sum total of the student's entire experience vis-a-vis that experience. (Bailey, Hughes & Moore, 2004, p. 32) a student who receives a grade of fifty percent because he or she completed an assignment late sees that arbitrary judgment of his or her work as a "lesson" too. Studies show…… [Read More]

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Children's Poverty in Louisiana Poverty

Words: 712 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48948532

60) creating what is being called a "School-to-Prison Pipeline." Even before the hurricane, New Orleans schools were the worst in the country. The school system had a history of financial mismanagement, failing test scores, crumbling buildings and facilities, and accompanying school violence and racial segregation. The schools have a prison-like atmosphere that is hardly conducive to learning. Real damage is being done to Louisiana's children by "turning simple acts of childishness into crimes punishable by incarceration" (p. 61). Although the schools alone cannot end the cycle of poverty, it stands to reason that children who lack education cannot break out of it. They are more likely to drop out, commit crimes, and end up in prison. "The single largest predictor of later arrest among adolescents is having been suspended, expelled, or held back..." (cited in Tuzzolo & Hewitt, 2006, p. 63).

Most people would say they love their children and…… [Read More]

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School Improvement Project Proposal Improving

Words: 4564 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29005100

Causative Analysis

There are several causes to why the students did not pass the state standardized test in mathematics and in language arts. It is strongly believe that the students were not adequately prepared for the test because they had not been completing the required assignments and attending the online classes offered by their teachers. Their lack of School Improvement 7 participation in the class, has lead them to a failing test score because if they had not completed the assignments in their learning management system, then there was no way for them to be adequately prepared for the materials on the tests. The course materials that are found in the learning management system are closely related to the state bench marks and are closely aligned with the state requirements.

There are several reasons that students may not complete work in their online classes. These reasons include lack of motivation,…… [Read More]

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Population Data Collection Dependent and

Words: 1579 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 14228254

Using a random sampling helps to insure that there will be a randomly equal number of learning disabled students, gifted students, underachievers and overachievers in each group. In addition the random sampling will help insure a statistically close to equal sampling of males and females in each group.

Assumptions will also be made that the students will put forth their best effort in the class work and instruction so that the semester test results will be a true reflection of what they have learned in the American History course that semester.


This methodology section is designed to produce the most pure results with regard to the research question. Care has been taken to explore the different elements of the research topic and produce the best possible method by which to test that question.


Dobrosielski-Vergona, Kathleen a.; Gallagher, Judith E.; Williams, Theresa M.; Wingard, Robin G. More (2005) Web-based…… [Read More]

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Failure of Hispanic Students the

Words: 965 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79652428

Flexibility in instruction is a principle that uses instructional design to accommodate a wide range of abilities among students. Simple and intuitive instruction is a "straightforward and predictable manner" (Shaw, Scott, and McGuire, 2001) of instruction. Perceptible information instruction is an instruction design principle that ensures all information necessary is effectively communicated. Finally, tolerance for error instruction "anticipates variation in individual student learning pace and requisite skills." (Shaw, Scott, and McGuire, 2001)


Strategies to support teaching diverse learners in college that are inclusive of Hispanic students include the following strategies:

Use technology to assist and aid instruction;

Group students into smaller groups to facilitate discussion and communication among students;

Use summarization, self-questioning, clarification and prediction in classroom instruction;

Keep the instruction simple;

Allow instruction to be flexible;

Use the technique of instructional conversation;

Keep instruction 'equitable;

Use perception in the instructional practice;…… [Read More]

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NCLB Influences Involved in the

Words: 1015 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77133694

For example, superintendents used to be given some leeway in hiring and firing of relevant personnel. Now, if the "relevant school staff when schools fail to make annual yearly progress for four consecutive years" they must be fired (Peterson & Young 2004:1). "Similarly, a significant downturn in student achievement and K-12 education's need to seek larger percentages of ever shrinking state budgets, motivated twenty-three states to pass laws authorizing state or city takeovers of districts perceived to be in crisis," taking many traditional roles and responsibilities away from school superintendents (Peterson & Young 2004:1). NCLB federal funding guidelines have essentially, in some state legislator's eyes, forced their hands to take control over locally supervised districts.

Interventions to influence the interrelationships

To better improve district performance, superintendents can work with teachers to create enrichment programs and test-centered supplements to the curriculum at 'at risk' schools. There is limited federal funding available…… [Read More]

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Educational Psychology the Value of

Words: 981 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80604238

(Smitherman, 2000, p. 287) (Case Study 176) Motivation in education is a crucial aspect of success but it is often incongruent with social attitudes and with the actual educational environment one is exposed to. "Poor educational attainment and delinquency are often described as part of an 'oppositional youth culture' (Ogbu 1978)." (Sanders, 2002, p. 237) the oppositional youth culture that Betts experienced in St. Louis clearly demonstrates the extremes of cultural disenfranchisement. "Self-identity may be fluid, but the extent to which ethnic identity is optional varies by race." (Sanders, 2002, p. 237) Additionally the rigid manner in which Betts' mother and grandmother enforce broken English as reflective of his culture, is also evidence to the extreme disjointed nature of cultural diversity and disconnect. (Case Study 165) the reflection of the value of linguistic enforcement and the manner in which Betts must acclimatize his language to a given situation is a…… [Read More]

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Society Quantitative Methods of Research

Words: 2663 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85321002

The high stakes testing proponents believes that the use of testing will motivate students, their families and teachers to take education more seriously. (Nathan, 2002, p.595) Many opponents on the other hand believe that "teaching to the test" will likely prove disastrous for the schools and curriculums involved and this is especially true if the test is the only gauge of success or if there is any question as to the validity of the test. (Toch, 2005, 26)

Either way, the debate rages on and the situation of quantitative data as the driving force behind school improvement is upon us. This change also requires that administrators and others become statisticians, interpreting and adding to data at every possible turn, in order to seek out as much qualitative information as possible from the quantitative data. This may mean finding and utilizing data systems, secondary to the high stakes yearly (or every…… [Read More]

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Teacher of Early Childhood the

Words: 598 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19229411


It is necessary that the teacher of early childhood individuals understand that different individuals develop at different rates and that this is due to "differing physiological factors and differing experiences." (Growth Stages 1: Infancy and Early Childhood, nd) in a 2005 news report of the National Academies Education & Research entitled: "Timeout for Child Policy" relates that the United States "has not made the most of scientific knowledge about children's development between birth and age 5 - a period that sets the stage for their intellectual and emotional growth. By and large, what currently exists for America's children is a mixed bag of policies and practices...." (National Academies, 2005)


In the case where a teacher does not understand the stages of development of children and where the teacher fails to understand that children develop at different rates…… [Read More]

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Professional Dress of Teachers Affecting

Words: 2198 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81149463

According to Carr, "It is good for the development of young people to undergo some dress discipline, and only right for teachers to set pupils an appropriate example in this respect" (emphasis added) (p. 218).

There are some common sense rules that can be followed by middle school teachers in determining what will be perceived as "professional attire" by others, especially their students. For example, in his essay, "Transition to Teaching: Putting Your Best Foot Forward," Senne (2004) recommends conservative attire and jewelry for both male and female middle school teachers. According to this author, "Female teachers should choose to wear a conservative dress (appropriate length), blouse and skirt, or blouse and dress slacks. Male teachers may opt for a dress shirt, dress slacks, tie, and suit coat. Shoes should be consistent with selected attire" (p. 46). While these are the typical choices for professional attire, they certainly do not…… [Read More]

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The Failures of No Child

Words: 1562 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19622554

If minorities are to ever be given equal
footing in the race to influence, political representation and economic
balance, they must first be given fair recognition within America's
educational system.
In order for educators to achieve this necessary level of integration,
however, the emphases which are part and parcel of No Child Left Behind
must simply be repealed. As it comports with most other aspects of the
Bush Administration which is several months from exiting office, No Child
Left Behind should be considered a failed policy by a failed presidency.
As in so many areas of civic importance over the last eight years, our
schools have seen a dramatic declination in quality and accountability.
The resolutions which impose greater uniformity in an area where
theoretical presumption states greater need for individual attention are
both regressive and discomfited with the current demands of a floundering
American educational system. This would be…… [Read More]

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Policy Politics and Legal Foundations

Words: 485 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35933123

The principal holds the responsibility to assume the role of the leader in education and to focus on the curriculum and instruction in the school in order to enable the successful learning of all students. It is also important that the school administrator have a full understanding of the political and legal systems and the manner in which policy is developed on both a national and local level and that the administrator understand how to implement these policies.

Schools are directly impacted by social forces and a close link exists between the school education program and the social environment. Social forces are represented by cultural and ethnic diversity as well as poverty, violence, drugs, as well as the changing structure of families, all of which impact the learning of students in that these forces create barriers to student learning.

The school district mediates between the schools and the local school…… [Read More]

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Technology for School Administrators Expertise

Words: 1062 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54266299

Even though courses may include lectures, readings, outside research efforts, class discussions, as well as individual or small group presentations, these activities are not generally conducted in the classroom, utilizing Internet and presentation software enhancements. As an excessive number of graduate education departments are not equipped to offer school administrators classes which involve immediate Internet and database research activities, and/or technological presentations directly within the classroom, the researcher notes the need to secure this training from other sources (Donlevy, 2004, ¶ 14). VI. Technology for School Administrators Implementation

In previous experiences, the researcher learned that including routine utilization of technological tool proved helpful in examining this issue of technology for school administrators. As technology, evidenced in the day-to-day life of schools, proves vital, school administrators have no choice but to prepare themselves to know how to effectively utilize programs designed to prepare future school leaders (Donlevy, 2004). Some of the…… [Read More]

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ED Students and Teacher Behavior

Words: 6032 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 57044186

This study used quantitative techniques to measure the dependent variables, but the answers obtained have a high level of subjectivity present in them.

Confounding Variables

Aside from the independent and dependent variables, almost every study has a number of factors present that affect the results obtained in the study and the ability to interpret them. In this study, there are a number of factors that must be addressed in regards to the teacher responses to the survey. Confounding variables can be internal or external factors over which the researcher has no control. It id difficult to find a study that has absolutely no confounding variables that could affect the results.

In this study, the first confounding variable is dependent on the interactions of other confounding variables. The student's type and severity of emotional disturbance are the first factors that affect the results obtained in this study. Neither the teachers, nor…… [Read More]

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School System Places the Right

Words: 3575 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5484499

Here, the information processing theory applies to the manner in which the board induces a multilayered engagement of the subject matter. The correlation of conceptual and practical application with a visual presentation conforms to the information processing idea that "information is stored in multiple locations throughout the brain in the form of networks of connections. It is consistent with the levels-of-processing approach in that the more connections to a single idea or concept, the more likely it is to be remembered." (Huitt, 1) As we have addressed technology based approaches to instruction, it bears noting that there are evolving opportunities in the fied of education to improve upon this multilevel engagement of material.

As an educator, you want to decrease undesirable behaviors in the educational environment. What is the best strategy to decrease these behaviors for each student? 1)Andrew who likes to utter profanities every now an then. 2) Sandy,…… [Read More]

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No Child Left Behind Act

Words: 998 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 71536808

III. Other Issues and Challenges

The No Child Left Behind act is viewed by many if not most of today's teachers as having tunnel vision and that acknowledges little but standardized testing outcomes. Specifically reported by Dillon (2009) in the 2009 New York Times article entitled: "No Child Law Is Not Closing a Racial Gap" that there has not been a narrowing of the gap between white and minority students in recent years..." (Dillon, 2009) Additionally stated by Dillon (2009) is that according to experts the No Child left Behind act has "failed to make serious headway in lifting academic achievement." (2009)

Zach Miners reported in the 2009 work entitled: "No Child Left Behind Law Loses Support that when the NCLB was signed by President George W. Bush in 2002, "…policy met with bipartisan praise and looked set to become the most influential federal reform of the nation's schools since…… [Read More]

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Person Usually Wants to Understand

Words: 1013 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71652364

"A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period" (University of North Carolina, 2007). For example, a person who is studying education will want to know more about ways in which to help his or her students better. The individual will look at journals and books in order get analyze the current data that is available as a means of helping him or her conduct their own study about a certain issue within this field. All of what is found is published, whether it is on the Internet or in the library.

A literature review is a baseline on how one will conduct their own research in education. This enables one to summarize their sources. Through this one use synthesis with the information that is currently available. An individual is able to interpret the data…… [Read More]

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Heather Whitestone The First Miss

Words: 1607 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 55253629

Unfortunately, I could not hear any sound from my right ear even with the help of hearing aid. For this reason, I used my right ear for the cochlear implant. My right ear had been sleeping for 28 years until the cochlear implant woke it up on September 19th, 2002" ("FAQ," Heather Whitestone Webpage, 2010). Heather writes on her webpage that she strongly supports implants for children and decided to have one as an adult so she could hear the voices of her two young sons.

Whitestone was not only "the first deaf Miss America; in fact, she was the first Miss America with a physical disability of any kind" ("Heather Whitestone," Alabama, 2003). She and continues to come fire because of her public and vocal support of acoupedics and orally-based deaf education. Today, Whitestone lives in Alabama, raising her children. Whitestone married a hearing man, John McCallum, an aide…… [Read More]

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Dual Immersion Programs in California

Words: 3501 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 39144705

How Are Dual Immersion Programs Implemented?

Christian, Howard & Loeb (2000) describe how dual immersion programs are implemented and the effect that they have on students. The goal for these dual immersion programs is to develop a high level of proficiency in both the first and the second language, as well as grade level academic achievement and cross-cultural skills. Dual immersion programs are implemented according to the student population. The features and variations of the program depend on many factors, including local policy, the grade levels that are served, languages that are needed for instruction, and the time spent on each one.

Most dual immersion programs serve elementary level students, also, which is very limiting to the entrance of monolingual students after the third grade. That is due to the difficulty of students who need to catch up with bilingual competence after that grade. Students benefit from dual immersion programs,…… [Read More]

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Formative and Summative Assessments Criteria

Words: 1387 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95476279

Major and minor scales, and chromatic scale from low E. To high C.

2. A slow etude.

3. One movement from a sonata or concerto comparable in difficulty to the Sonata by Wanhal or the Concerto No.3 by Stamitz.

Students age 14 and older:

1. Major, minor and chromatic scales.

2. An etude comparable to those by C. Rose

3. One movement from a piece comparable in difficulty to the Concerto in a Major, K. 622, by Mozart; Concerto in F Minor, Op. 73, by Weber; sonatas by Bernstein, Saint-Sans, or Hindemith; or any of the 16 Grand Solos by Bonade.

A prospective student is judged relative to the individuals with whom he or she competes against on these exercises: during a very strong year for candidates, some highly talented students might be rejected. During a weaker year, as the school needs students to pay tuition, the most talented candidates…… [Read More]

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Perceptions of Elementary Teachers in

Words: 5192 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: 'Literature Review' chapter Paper #: 39114396

In fact, as early as the 1989-1990 school years, school-based decision making was implemented in three elementary schools in the Memphis City School System (Smith, Valesky & Horgan, 1991). Based on this seminal initiative, improvements were cited in: (a) the coordination provided by the school councils; (b) school-based staff development activities; (c) support and services provided by the district central office; (d) data and reports provided to the individual schools; and (e) the value of the school improvement plans (Smith et al., 1991).

A relevant study of the school-based decision-making process in the State of Tennessee by Etheridge (1990) evaluated the impact of different leadership styles used by school principals on the effectiveness of the school-based decision-making process in seven local school councils in Memphis including their elementary schools following their first 15 months of operation. According to Etheridge, the composition of SBDM councils in Tennessee largely reflects those being…… [Read More]

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Adminisrators Teachers and Parents Are

Words: 1968 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36541852

Like Mr. Johnson, he acknowledged that student behavior was different "back then" when he was in school: "Some of the things I've seen here with kids never really occurred in my time" (personal communication, January 26, 2011).

In keeping with his enthusiastic responses about Springfield Gardens, Mr. Benton was pleased to discuss the school and its community relations. He cited a technology program for grandparents offered once or twice a week at the school, involvement by congressmen and elected officials -- although he did not provide details how that is manifest -- and after-school programs conducted through the auspices of the YMCA, an organization with which he himself is active. He believes there is a considerable effort underway, although there is still more to do.

Principal Gordon was much more cautious in his enthusiasm. He acknowledged that the YMCA program provided support five days a week and reported a good…… [Read More]

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Teaching Methods How Should Educators

Words: 1012 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43724484

Through these tests there has been an overall improvement in the quality of education as it requires schools to improve their performance, and if they fail to meet the AYP for two or more years it has to offer its eligible students a chance to transfer to high performing schools.

How should teachers/educators be held accountable for student learning?

It has undoubtedly been proved that effective teachers play an active role in student learning and enables them to meet difficult standards. Therefore teachers should be held accountable to some level, though student is responsible for their own learning. Firstly to ensure the improvement of teacher quality appropriate qualification check, careful monitoring, teacher evaluation, support for initial teachers including initial license and system of certification and compensation should be developed.

Secondly, teachers should be held accountable at certain levels after being appointed. They should be accountable at the district level through…… [Read More]

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Learning Theories Jones Wendell by

Words: 2808 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69648532

This idea of guidance is important; children need the framework and support to expand their ZPD. Since the ZPD defines the skills and abilities that children are in the process of developing, there is also a range of development that we might call a "stretch goal"(Mooney).

For Vygotsky, supplying the child with a combination of theoretical and empirical learning methods is a more robust way to ensure cognition. This leads to something he called "leading activity," which, especially in middle childhood (e.g. elementary school), becomes an important formative step in the development of self-consciousness and a way to define the student's role within the world. Sell- reflection is one major accomplishment during this period, the transition from using social and cultural norms as values for evaluating the external world (peers, etc.) and then also mastering these concepts for inward, or self-reflection. As this process evolves, the child in the middle…… [Read More]

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Value of Using Assistive Technology

Words: 1591 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 51767942

All the same, the use of assistive technology comes with a cost of time and demands however, benefits are greater than the shortcomings and when assistive technology is implemented properly in to academic work, the young scholars becomes more productive, independent, and successful (Axistive, 2007).

With regard to the above research, assistive technology remains a great motivator for tutors/teachers to give authority to children. It helps young children especially those with disabilities to have interest to achieve more and feel as able members of the society, just like other normal children. For this to be successful, educational learning standards that involve individual learning differences (CEC 3) calls for educators to ensure they have the required skills in strategizes for both short- and long-term benefits. The instructional strategies (CEC 4) should have procedures that understand the child completely. All these are for an expected beneficial outcome that uses a well-organized structure…… [Read More]

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Artifacts and Worksheets

Words: 1536 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 46796165

Artifacts and Worksheets

To what extent did the artifacts contribute to your completion of the related worksheet?

The artifacts were a tremendous help in making progress toward completion of the related worksheets. The opportunity to focus on one or two artifacts at a time facilitated in-depth consideration of each of the components of a grant application. Not only did this relieve some anxiety about the overall size of the project, but treating each component as though it was a stand-along piece really helped me think about how the grant reading process would take place, and the need to ensure that the information contained in each artifact was comprehensive and relayed the "story and plan" being conveyed to the funders.

To what extent were you able to refine and modify your artifacts and worksheet preparation based on the collaborative discussion of the artifacts?

The collaborative discussions of the artifacts were helpful…… [Read More]

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Creating a Great Case Study

Words: 2473 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94094313

individual child help you to better understand some problems of the struggling reader? How will this understanding influence your future practices as a teacher?

The work involved in studying a single child brought a lot of understanding about the different issues prevailing in the struggling reader. Some related to comprehension, some related to difficulties with certain words, some related to the problems of the individual. As well, working with a single child provided new information about interests and difficulties of one specific struggling reader, which then can potentially be generalized to issues other struggling readers might have. One possibility would be to incorporate information gained into the teaching techniques as well as into the materials chosen for the students. For instance, a child who likes outer space will definitely be more interested in reading a book on astronauts than a book on flowers. Similarly, a child who likes sports might…… [Read More]

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Social Workers and Fight Against Drug Abuse

Words: 1438 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53651305

role of a social worker and evaluates their contributions to the drug court team on the basis of the ten key components of Drug Courts. There has been research on the role of social workers role in drug courts. However, there has not been so much focus on the effectiveness and process of the activities by social workers. Therefore there is need for a further evaluation of structural and process characteristics and hence need a qualitative research to clarify the findings of quantitative studies.

The research method used involves an in-depth descriptive explanatory case study. The subject is a social worker in a Midwestern country court which occurred over the course of two years. The data was collected through a series of interview with the social worker as well as observation. The case study gives a description of how a social worker implements the ten key components of the drug…… [Read More]

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Alternative Assessments What Challenges Do Alternative Assessments

Words: 479 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18142107

Alternative Assessments

What challenges do alternative assessments present to teachers at your school?

Alternative assessments (AA) are a fine means to determining the education of a student. Standardized assessment is very rigorous but allows for the system to be managed effectively and efficiently. AA's present certain challenges, not to the students but the staff and faculty. AA's require more imagination and creativity. Grading scales provide rigid guidance and it is mostly simple to evaluate students be applying basic mathematics and scoring to tests.

The main challenge of AA's is getting them approved and then synthesized into the classroom. In non-standard classrooms like special-education or gifted programs, alternative assessments are more readily put into action due to the abnormality of the inherent situation. Since the basis of American education is equality and uniformity, alternative assessment are not seen as being aligned with the larger educational philosophies that are being practiced and…… [Read More]

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Curriculum Design Implementation and Evaluation

Words: 1391 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27813777

curriculum of all the schools of a district. It uses 5 sources and is in APA format.

The main aim of my curriculum that I have designed for five elementary schools, 4 middle schools and one high school of the district, is that I intend uniformity in the curriculums of all the schools so all the schools impart the same educational quality and therefore there is no discrepancy and the whole community remains satisfied. By this design model, which will be introduced in all the schools of the district, there will be coordination between the schools, the teachers from all the schools will have identical training and the administration will also be trained to monitor and coordinate such a program. The administration of all the schools will have a head administrator to see that all the schools correctly comply to the curriculum and work as one big system of schooling.…… [Read More]

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Teaching Strengths for the Content Area Secondary

Words: 2132 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Interview Paper #: 92864566

teaching strengths for the content area (secondary school mathematics or science) you plan to teach.

I have decided that I will teach mathematics at the secondary school level which is a subject I performed well at when I was in high school myself. I was always at the top of my classes when it came to math and I enjoyed all of the classes that I took in the subject. So, I think it has to be the right area in which I should pursue a teaching degree.

I can think of two strengths that I have, with regard to this subject, apart from the facts that I enjoy the study and was able to perform well at the secondary level. First, on a personal level, I do not try to act like I know more than other people, even though I may have a more perfect knowledge of the…… [Read More]

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What Is Development

Words: 1243 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29428979

Developmental Processes Across the Life Span With Diverse Sociocultural Contexts

The objective of this study is to identify development processes across the life span with diverse sociocultural contexts and to demonstrate theoretical comprehension and application in psychotherapy in order to identify theoretical strengths and weaknesses based on the setting and/or client population specific to child behavior. Finally, this work will demonstrate basic knowledge of the range of normal an abnormal behaviors and child developmental processes. The work of Havighurst (1971) entitled 'Characteristics of Development Task' reports that living is a process beginning with birth and ending with death, which is, comprised of people "working their way through from stage of development to another, by solving their problems in each stage.") When the individual does not complete a task, which results in unhappiness as well as "disapproval by society and problems in later tasks." (1971, p.1) Six primary stages of the…… [Read More]

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Reading Literacy in the Content Areas

Words: 1074 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Article Review Paper #: 72885298

Instructional Strategies

Question answer strategy (QAR) teaches students how and when to use their texts when answering comprehension questions. Collaboration, specifically co-teaching, has been shown to be effective with special education teachers and content-area teachers in the general education classroom. The QAR strategy can enhance comprehension across different content areas.

Fenty, N.S., McDuffie-Landrum, K., and Fisher, G. (2012). Using collaboration, co- teaching, and question answer relationships to enhance content area literacy. Teaching Exceptional Children 44(6), pp. 28-37.

QAR is taught through five elements of effective instruction: anticipatory set, modeling, guided practice, independent practice, and closure (Duke & Pearson, 2002, and Fisher & Frey, 2007, cited in Fenty et al., 2012).

Although word walls have been used traditionally in primary classrooms, the authors report effective use in the middle school. Over the course of year, a word wall was built by teachers and students in eighth that included vocabulary across content…… [Read More]